The United States has more people in prisons and jails than any country in the world, yet mass incarceration has had essentially no impact on violent crime rates since the 1990s and on property crime rates since 2000. Instead, it has caused staggering social and economic damage to our society, including disproportionate incarceration of people who are African American, Hispanic/Latino, experiencing mental health and substance use problems, and affected by poverty and limited education. Mass incarceration’s perpetuation of inequality, loss of liberty and suffering is in contrast to the United States’ identity as a just nation. There are multiple reasons for the dramatic increase in the number of people incarcerated in the United States during the last four decades, including lengthy mandatory minimum sentences, limits on early release, increased incarceration for parole violations, and the ongoing “War on Drugs.” The erosion of social services, the criminalization of U.S. immigration policy, and increased income inequality have also contributed to it. However, we are in the midst of growing recognition across the nation, and among politicians from across the political spectrum, that mass incarceration demands action.

What You Need To Know

  • We spend over $80 billion annually on federal, state and local corrections.
  • There are more than 2.2 million adults incarcerated in U.S. jails and prisons.
  • There are more than 4.7 million adults on probation or parole in the U.S.
  • The number of people in prison has grown by 700% since 1970.
  • With just under 5% of the world’s population, the U.S. accounts for more than 20% of its imprisoned population.
  • From 1990 to 2005, a new prison was built every 10 days.

Broad Solutions

Addressing mass incarceration and supporting public safety will require approaches that involve many social and economic issues in our society. Needed elements include:

  • Recognition of the harsh impact imprisonment has on individuals, families and communities and the importance of proportionality between sentences and the illegal activity.
  • Sentencing reform.
  • Greater use of executive clemency.
  • Analysis of policy impacts related to race, ethnicity, and gender before and after implementation.
  • Drug law reform.
  • Alternatives to incarceration.
  • Incentives for state and local governments to pursue reforms that decrease incarceration and further public safety.
  • Evidence-guided emphasis on community re-entry from the outset of incarceration.
  • Family-focused services for individuals and families affected by incarceration.
  • Improved access to substance use and mental health treatment in jails, prisons, and communities.
  • Adequate funding and resources for public schools, including resources to ensure student safety; support relationships between students, teachers, and staff; and avoid police presence in schools.
  • Grassroots advocacy.

Download PDF of Key Points

As momentum grows in the call for criminal justice reform, we must make sure it remains a national priority during and beyond the 2016 presidential election. Campaign debates, discussions and platforms must be translated into well-considered, comprehensive actions that will end mass incarceration, support public safety, and align with aims of the U.S. as a just society.

To support the SP2 Penn Top 10 project and the social justice and policy issues it seeks to address through public forums, online courses, and more, please click here.

Together, we can educate, enlighten, and empower.


Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Здравствуйте Порой охота успокоиться и щенячий патруль зачастую в тему, то есть здесь мне приходит на подмогу музыка... за прослушиванием любэ песни онлайн я могу быть много часов подряд Так оно песня про коронавирус слушать при добротном звуке делает своё дело и музыка онлайн бесплатно новинки русские 2020 тоже Каждый выбирает место где загружать песни в mp3 бесплатно, и я делаю выбор в пользу Первое достоинство этого музыкального ресурса, что он не требует регистрации и смс Может быть вы знаете проект c песня ангел? Спасибо Теги: слушать музыку онлайн х, программа для музыки, скачать песни тока тока, текст песни луна не знает пути, песня про выпускной класс скачать песнью слушать музыку бесплатно без 2020


Здравствуйте Бывает тянет расслабиться и песни о любви зачастую в тему, то есть здесь мне приходит на подмогу музыка... за прослушиванием лучшие песни 80 90 скачать бесплатно я могу быть пару часов подряд Так оно текст песни миа при высококачественном звуке делает своё дело и классическая музыка бесплатно тоже Всякий приглядывает место где слушать музыку онлайн, и я избираю Первое превосходство этого музыкального сервиса, что он не требует регистрации и смс Подскажете где есть песни 2020 года? Спасибо за подсказки Теги: нежная музыка для души, музыка шансон бесплатно, песни на телефон, новые песни 2020 года слушать, слушать армейские песни бесплатно в хорошем качестве артик и асти все песни сайты бесплатной музыки в хорошем качестве


Качественная съемка, дорогие декорации и профессиональный грим - всеми этими благами современности активно пользуются порно студии, но они часто забывают, что в погоне за качеством теряется главное - натуральность. Первозданная естественность секса сохранилась только в любительских видео. Снятое, даже на фронталку смартфона, домашнее порно обладает гораздо большей живостью и искренность.. Эмоции участников не наиграны, а за камерой не стоит съёмочная группа. Таким видео можно простить все мелкие огрехи и не лучшие умения актёров работать перед камерой, ведь взамен мы получаем настоящий секс, без приукрас и постановки. Такие видео, Вы найдете на сайте - Рекомендуемый сайт в свободном доступе! Отличное качеством и скорость загрузки! Заходи, и наслаждайся!
About the author

Malitta Engstrom, PhD

Dr. Malitta Engstrom is an assistant professor in the School of Social Policy & Practice. Her research focuses on problematic substance use and its co-occurrence with victimization, HIV, incarceration and mental health concerns, particularly as they affect women and families; multigenerational social work practice with families; and grandparents caring for grandchildren. Her scholarship aims to disentangle complex relationships between substance use and co-occurring concerns and to inform innovative, evidence-supported services for individuals and families. With competitive funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the John A. Hartford Foundation, Dr. Engstrom’s current research includes the design and pilot-test of family-oriented services with grandmothers and mothers affected by maternal substance use problems and incarceration. Her emerging work also evaluates a SAMHSA-funded HIV and substance abuse prevention program serving African American women and examines substance use and co-occurring concerns as they affect older women.